Nail fungus is common and the infection caused by fungus that belongs to a group of fungi called dermatophytes. This infection results to thickened and discolored nails which is painful if becomes severe. Toenails are the most commonly affected by this infection and is common in adults that in younger people. This is also common to people who live in hot or humid climates.
How do you get a nail fungus infection?
Nail fungus is in essence caused by a type of fungus. This breed does not require any sunlight to survive enabling it to breed in dark and damp areas.
The following are the most common reason for having nail fungus infection:
Toenail Trauma. This can happen when fungus particles enter a cut or break in the nail. An example is friction from rubbing against the shoe. Most people who suffer a Toenail Trauma which causes nail fungus are athletes, runners and dancers who wear shoes that pinch the toes. Another example of trauma is an injury like banging a fingernail with a hammer.
Skin infection spread to the toenails. This usually happens if you scratch your itchy toes and nails after holding a part with skin infection. This is a reminder to always keep your hands clean and dry.
Humid Conditions. Fungi increase in warm and damp conditions. People who are using socks and shoes for hours may promote a food environment for fungi. Keep in mind that feet should always be kept dry and socks should be changed as often as necessary.
Weak Immune System. Having an immune system that is week will have very low ability to fight infectious disease. Also, as we age, our immune system has more difficult time detecting and eliminating different kind of infections.
Diabetes and HIV/AIDS. People with said diseases are most likely to have nail fungus as they have a decreased immune function and circulation problems. Just like having a weak immune system, they are susceptible to fungal infections.
Smoking. People who smoke are at higher risk of developing nail fungus infection. Although it does not directly cause fungal disease, it impairs the ability of the immune system to fight this kind of infection.
Family History. Some people gets this condition because of a genetic predisposition to fungal nail infections.
Old Age. Studies show that old age people are more susceptible to get infected by nail fungus. The reason is, at old age, blood circulation to nails diminishes and exposure to fungus is longer.
Unsanitized nail cleaning tools. Make sure to use your won manicure and pedicure set even in salons to make sure that the tools that you are using are clean and sanitized and to prevent transfers of infection.
It is important to make sure to check our health once in a while. Health conscious people usually notice the earliest signs of the problem like discoloration. Seeking help of a doctor will help determine the kind of infection and give effective treatment. There are a lot of home remedies available for nail fungus but it is still best to talk to your doctor especially if you have a medical condition that needs proper care.